Breeding for Black
Until recently, the black colour in the Arabian horse was very rare, but with the influence of the Egyptian and Polish bloodlines, the black Arabian is being bred in greater numbers throughout the World.
The United States of America is the leading black Arabian producing country with over 12,000 blacks registered. Within the United States, California is the largest black producing State with an excess of 1,000 blacks registered, with Canada having a similar number registered and the second largest producer of blacks.
Egyptian bloodlines have been the most influential, particularly through the Babson Egyptian, notably the first Babson black stallion, Fa-Serr, born in 1947, sired 20 black foals and no chestnuts from, very likely, non black mares. Fa-Serr’s influence was continued through his sons Fa-Rousse, Khemahr, Ozem and Negem. Negem was the only one of Fa-Serr’s sons who did not sire any chestnuts from almost 100 offspring.
Within the Egyptian pedigrees leading to black, there are two connections between the old and new Egyptian bloodlines, notably the mare Venus of the Hadban Enzahi strain and the stallion Dahman. Dahman is the sire of Rabdan, who appears three times in the fifth generation of Nazeer’s pedigree and is the grandsire of Fadl. Malabar Farms in the United States linebred the great-grandson of Fadl, Sa Zarka, to produce Malabar King-Prince Ebony, Malabar Duke and Malabar Sheik. Of these three, only Malabar King-Prince Ebony did not sire any chestnuts from 134 foals. Sa Zarka also did not sire any chestnut foals.
Through his son Ofir, the desert bred Kuhailan Haifi is believed to be responsible for breeding black. The Ofir line produced Witez II, Bask, Aladdinn and Fortel. In particular, the lines of Witez II, Bask and Aladdin also contained the blood of the black mares Czbessie II, born in 1814, and Kabron I, born in 1813. The line of Kabron is passed on through the bay stallion Tajar and crosses the Czbessie II line in Amurath. Both of these mare lines are found in the Polish pedigrees of Amurath, Hamdany and Seglavi. These bloodlines in turn appear in the pedigrees of the black producing mares Balalajka, the dam of Bask, Federacja, the dam of Witez II and Lalage, dam of Aladdinn.
In 1932, the grey stallion Zarife and the grey mare Roda were imported by the Maynesboro Stud in the United States and produced the black stallion Hallany Mistanny, sire of 16 black foals, he proved to be a sire of significance.
In more recent times, some well-known progenitors of the black colour have included Bey Shah, who sired in excess of 20 black offspring, Ansata Ibn Halima sired at least 6 black offspring, while Morafic sired no black offspring in the first generation, but did in the second and third generation. Adhem by Alaa el Din (by Nazeer) sired 32 black offspring. Adhem’s son, Saud el Ameer, has sired over 70 blacks and no chestnuts from over 130 breedings. The influential bay stallions Ali Jamaal, The Minstril, Three Desperado and Desperado V have also consistently sired black offspring.
The future of the black breeding programme today is secured with the presence of some strikingly beautiful black Arabian mares and stallions. The Black Arabian is here to stay!!!!
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